Some women shy away from Foundation because they think of tough, mask-like make-up. Even highly opaque foundations are now looking very natural – provided you use a colour and texture that suits your skin type and apply the make-up properly.
We asked the make-up artists Wendy Verdin-Kohlmeier from the cosmetic studio “The Beautery” in Hamburg and Sara Wren from “Milk Make-up” how this works. Here you can find’s everything you need to know about foundation:
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In this article:
- The best foundation for your skin type
- Finding the right make-up colour
- Sponge or brush? Apply make-up correctly
The best foundation for your skin type
Foundation exists in different forms. Which foundation suits you depends mainly on your skin type. Here we show the most important and their special properties:
Mineral powder is the perfect make-up for sensitive skin
Loose powder is ideal for sensitive skin as it does not contain any artificial additives such as paraffin. With a pale complexion, the mineral pigments have a light-reflecting effect, and the choice of shades allows the powder to be matched to any skin tone.
This is how it works: “A classic Kabuki brush is suitable for application,” explains Wendy Verdin-Kohlmeier. “The denser the brush, the stronger the coverage.”
Expert tip: Before you swing the brush, gently pat the day cream into the skin. This provides the skin with moisture and circulates the blood. No matter how good a powder is: “If you have dry skin, it will settle there – and make the skin look pale,” explains Sara Wren.
Compact powder is the right foundation for oily skin
An oily T-zone can be matted perfectly with the firmly pressed powder. Verdin advises: “For oily and slightly impure skin, a compact powder is also a great companion when you’re on the go, because you can use it to refresh your make-up quickly and easily anywhere.
But: Wendy Verdin-Kohlmeier advises against using a powder for large-pored skin as the matting particles deposit there and create a mask effect.
This is the right way to go: “Always use a primer in advance, which makes the pores look smaller,” recommends make-up artist Sara Wren. Only then does the powder follow. “If you apply it with a dry make-up sponge, the covering power is rather light. If you moisten the sponge beforehand, it will increase the coverage.
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Liquid foundation is suitable for all skin types
Depending on the product, liquid make-up has a medium to strong covering power. There are mattifying liquid foundations for rather oily skin and moisturizing products for dry skin.
This is how it works: “Depending on preference, the fluid can be applied with the fingers, a brush or a sponge,” says make-up expert Wendy Verdin-Kohlmeier. More on this below. Start in the middle of the face at the nose and blend the product towards the cheeks.
Mousse is the perfect anti-age make-up
Due to its very light, airy consistency, the mousse is ideal for skin with small wrinkles because it does not settle in it.
There you go: As the product dries very quickly, fast and precise application is important. “Later corrections are difficult and make the complexion look blotchy,” says Werdin-Kohlmeier. Pour a walnut-sized amount of the foam into the palm of your hand and then use a sponge to spread it evenly over the face, starting from the nose.
Professional tip: The mousse does not replace the day care. On the contrary, the foam can only be distributed well if you have also creamed the skin beforehand.
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Tinted day creams are perfect for women with dry skin
On dry skin, make-up quickly settles crumbly and emphasizes the dry skin areas. Hybrid products consisting of cream and make-up are therefore ideal, such as lightly tinted BB -Creams.
“If the skin is very dry, it is recommended to apply a moisturizing primer in advance – and to give the skin the time it needs to absorb it completely. This makes the make-up that follows almost invisible,” says Sara Wren.
Fast help for dry skin
Tinted care is also ideal as a foundation for normal skin
You don’t want and don’t need to cover a lot, so the light tint of a BB – or CC -Cream mostly off.
There you go: From the center of the face, spread the cream to the cheeks, forehead and jawbones. Whether with fingers, brush or sponge is up to you. “Spare the eyebrows, which otherwise appear grey, and that is difficult to correct,” says Wendy Verdin-Kohlmeier.
Finding the right foundation colour
Once you have decided on the right texture, it is important to find the optimum tone. The foundation should not change the face color and should be able to blend invisibly. Because the back of the hand and forearm rarely have the same tone as the face, you should test make-up directly on the cheek.
“Wear three shades, side by side in narrow strips on the cheek down to the jaw. So you can compare the tones directly with each other. The shade that blends with the skin tone of the face and neck (!) without lengthy blending is the right one,” says Wren.
And another tip: artificial drugstore lighting falsifies the colours. Therefore, before buying, always look at the window or outside in a pocket mirror! Take enough time to find the optimum tone. A make-up layer whose colour does not match the facial tone and in the worst case looks like a pasty mask is a real beauty disaster!
“If the foundation is too light, the face quickly appears flat and lifeless. If the shade is too dark, it simply looks unnatural – and obviously badly done,” says Wren. Of course, if your skin color changes with the seasons, you’ll need to adjust your makeup.
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How to recognize the right undertone in make-up
Not only the brightness decides on the optimal make-up colour, but also the undertone. Thus there are warm tones that look slightly yellowish in the packaging, neutral tones that look beige and cool nuances with a pinkish tinge.
Many people tend to choose rosy nuances because the tone in the packaging looks particularly natural. But: On the skin, make-up with pink tones looks like a mask to most people. Only very fair-skinned people who get sunburnt even in the shade are well advised to use a pink shade.
Sponge or brush: What is the best way to apply my foundation?
That’s a matter of pure taste! The favourite of many beauty bloggers is the stylish Beauty Blender, a drop-shaped, pink plastic sponge that allows for optimal distribution of liquid make-up. Before applying make-up, moisten the sponge slightly and dab the foundation onto the skin with light pressure. “Because this slightly dilutes the foundation, the finish looks particularly natural in the end. But the opacity is not quite as strong,” says Sara Wren.
With a brush you can make up a particularly covering make-up. Sara Wren explains: “I like to use firm, bulky brushes. Apply the foundation to the back of the hand beforehand and apply directly with the brush or dab it into the face with the fingers beforehand and then blend, fade, blend with the brush. Looks like airbrush make-up at the end”.
Can you apply Foundation with your fingers?
A resounding yes! The fingertips are even the best way to apply liquid make-up if you want a highly opaque but still natural result. Your fingers have the unbeatable advantage of being warm, which allows the foundation to blend perfectly with your facial skin.
Expert tip: For an optimal result Wendy uses all 3 methods, i.e. brush, finger and sponge: “With the brush I apply the product, with the fingers I spread it, and with a slightly damp, clean sponge I correct for example the brush strokes or colour differences”.
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Once you have found the right foundation for your skin tone, you can apply the make-up with our tips in no time at all so that no one can see that you are wearing foundation at all. Compliments like, “Wow, you have great skin.”